The Virunga Mountains which straddle the borders of Rwanda, Democratic Republic of Congo, and Uganda are home to about 1063 mountain gorillas. This is more than half the world’s entire population of the primates (the rest are found in Bwindi Impenetrable Forest in Uganda).
The Rwandan part of the Virungas, in the Volcanoes National Park, 10 gorilla groups are habituated now for gorilla safaris. This is more than anywhere else in the world!
Planning for your gorilla adventure gorilla Rwanda
When to go gorilla trekking
Gorilla trekking safaris may be done throughout the year. But the hiking itself may prove to be more difficult during the rainy seasons from April to May and in November.
When you want to do gorilla trekking, the most popular period is during the drier months, between December and February, and from around June to Mid-September.
Securing your permits for gorilla trekking
Securing permits for gorilla trekking during these popular periods may not be easy at short notice. Therefore, we advise you to plan. Virunga Ecotours will make all the arrangements for purchasing your permits.
Permits for gorilla trekking
Each day, a maximum of 96 gorilla trekking is available. But note that as of May 6, 2017, the Rwanda Development Board (RDB) increased the cost of gorilla permits from USD 750 to USD 1,500. According to RDB, the new price is aimed to strengthen conservation efforts and support local community’s development.
What it is like on a typical gorilla trekking safari
On the day of your gorilla trekking, you are going to set off very early in the morning to track the primates from the edge of the forest. Your guide or driver is going to guide you from your lodge (like the popular The Ellen DeGeneres Campus of the Dian Fossey Gorilla Fund, and it was opened in February 2022 or other places near the Volcanoes National Park) to the park headquarter which is found in Kinigi village. The guides speak excellent English, and are very good and experienced. They’ll be taking you to a particular group of ‘habituated’ mountain gorillas that they are quite familiar with, and are also used to human visitors...
You are going to be divided into groups of eight, and after some briefing on safety and gorilla etiquette, you are going to be driven to the start of the trail to reach your mountain gorilla trekking party. Your guide is then going to lead you along normally clear paths into the forest, in radio communication with the trackers which stay with the group so that they may be located. The altitude is above 2,500 m, therefore even though the pace is unhurried; the hike may be tiring and may be steep in parts, taking between 30 minutes and a few hours. Do not be surprised when you feel a bit breathless because of this altitude. It is perfectly normal!
Majority of trekkers are normally a little bit apprehensive- a large silverback gorilla may weigh up to 200 kg. This is three times the weight of the average man. However, this apprehension normally vanishes when you see and meet the gorilla group. Sometimes the gorillas are going to be spread around some small area of dense vegetation. They are going to continue with their normal feeding and interactions, not caring about the visitors, although they watch with some keen interest. Sometimes one, often a playful youngster, is going to approach you with curiosity, often coming so close that you are going to be forced to move away.
When you are with your group, you should try not to make sudden movements, and keep your voice low.
Photography on a Rwanda gorilla trekking safari
When you are a keen photographer, taking your own images of mountain gorillas is among the most magical photo sessions you are going to ever experience. Remember that the light may be poor in the rain forest and that using flash is not permitted.